Tell us where you would like to conference in 2015 (Snapshot Poll)

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The 7th Australian Rural & Remote Mental Health Symposium values your feedback – tell us where you would like to conference in 2015:

Conference Destination Poll - Australian Rural & Remote Mental Health Symposium
  • Ballarat, Victoria
  • Yarra Valley, Victoria

ImageGenBallarat, Victoria

Where the past, present and future meet.

Ballarat gets your heart pulsing and taste-buds dancing with wine bars, breweries, award-winning restaurants, festivals, tracks and trails and oh so much more. It’s a melting pot of cultural and sporting events, gastronomic treasures and hints of the past. It’s a place steeped in the history of the Eureka Rebellion and the golden era of the 1850s. It’s the heritage backdrop to your totally modern escape.


Yarra Valley, Victoria

Travel through rolling hills strung with vines, secluded natural valleys set against blue mountain backdrops and lush greenery and pastures, past towering trees and pristine rivers to verdant villages like Marysville and Warburton. Dine in style and marvel at the profundity of fresh local produce at tables in Healesville and Yarra Glen. Visit Healesville Sanctuary wildlife park, home to native Australian birds and animals like platypus, koalas, Tasmanian devils, lyrebirds, echidnas and more. Place yourself in the spot where Victorian winegrowing started and pay homage to the grape at the cellar doors of winemaking institutions or discover exciting new gems. Sample the wines and stay around for a tour and linger over a meal as you discover the regional passion for food, with fresh local produce matched to the wines in vineyard restaurants.

Snapshot Poll – Ends Wednesday, 4 February 2015

Living Well: A Strategic Plan for Mental Health in NSW 2014-2024

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Strat Plan cover image

Living Well: A Strategic Plan for Mental Health in NSW 2014-2024

The Strategic Plan sets out actions and future directions for reform of the mental health system in NSW. It maps a demanding agenda for change that puts people – not processes – at the heart of its thinking. It asks that the NSW Government recommit to completing the process of reform begun with the Inquiry into Health Services for the Psychiatrically Ill and Developmentally Disabled (Richmond Report) in the 1980s in particular by taking two important steps – closing the remaining stand-alone psychiatric institutions and shifting the focus of mental health care from hospitals to the community.

The Plan does not directly govern the operation of services but instead lays out directions and principles for reform which agencies and service providers must find ways to embed in the supports they offer to people in our community.

The Report and the Plan are companion documents and should be read together.

Download PDF versions of the Strategic Plan or read a summary, list of actions or an Easy English version.

Read the Commissioner’s message about the Strategic Plan

Read the Commission’s media release about the release of the Strategic Plan, the Premier’s media release and the Government’s announcement and fact sheets.

The NSW Government has responded to the Strategic Plan by endorsing the Commission’s vision for a mental health system focused on community-based mental health support, backed by an $115 million commitment to a suite of mental health programs and initiatives that will make it easier for people who experience mental illness to live and be supported in the community.

Read the Deputy Commissioners’ letters:

– Prof Alan Rosen AO
– Bradley Foxlewin
– Fay Jackson
– Dr Robyn Shields AM


Rural focus for Mental Health commissioner

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NSW Mental Health Commissioner John Feneley (The Courier)

The government is channelling more resources to rural areas to address mental health issues.

The NSW Mental Health Commission recently conducted community consultation across the state to understand how people were experiencing mental health care and to identify priorities for change.

Commissioner John Feneley says the government has since implemented a $115 million plan to improve mental health services in rural areas.

“The further you go in terms of regional and remote areas the harder it often is for people to access services and it’s not easy to change that dynamic overnight so we need to think of other ways in which we can make sure that people get access to the type of care they need,” he said.

“We’re making sure that we integrate care, so that the care someone might receive from a local GP is integrated across the community and into the specialist services available from a local hospital.

“That would involve us better supporting GPs to do work in their local communities and to feel more confident taking on some types of work that they might not currently be focusing on.”

The government established the NSW Mental health commission in 2012 to ensure mental health reforms would extend beyond the life of one parliament and one budget cycle.

Appointed in 2012, John Feneley has spent the last two years trying to improve mental health care across the state. He believes strong emphasis needs to be placed on preventative measures.

“We need to move our mental health system from a system that is largely crisis focused to one which is much more focused in the community on prevention and early intervention,” he explained…

Read more The Courier 15 January 2015

16th International Mental Health Conference: Call for abstracts is now open

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Almost half the total Australian population experience a mental disorder at some time in their lives. Becoming more resilient will help with the ability to bounce back from difficult times and avoid developing mental illnesses such as depression, anxiety or post-traumatic stress disorder.

The 16th International Mental Health Conference call for abstracts is now open! 

You are invited to present at this years conference by submitting an abstract that address the conference theme “Mental Health Future For All” across the broad spectrum of mental disorders including Anxiety, Depression, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders, Bipolar, Dementia and Suicide.

The conference program will be designed to challenge, inspire, demonstrate and encourage participants while facilitating discussion. The program will include an extensive range of topics including:

  • Early intervention and treatment advances
  • Recovery oriented practice
  • e-Health, technology and social media
  • Suicide prevention and support
  • Child, youth and family mental health promotion and services
  • Demands for an aging population
  • Targeted services for vulnerable groups
  • Indigenous mental, social, emotional and environmental health
  • LGBTI mental health promotion and resilience
  • Workplace health and wellbeing
  • Mental health in the custodial and forensic setting
  • Consumer and carer participation and opportunities
  • Offering hope: stories from the front line and lived experience

For more details and to submit your abstract please visit the conference website. Submissions close Friday, 10 April 2015.

Natural disasters have unexpected impacts on mental health

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By Jan Golembiewski, University of Sydney

Radical circumstances (bushfires and natural disasters) flush out the mental illness in society. Whenever there’s a disaster, there’s a rush on hospital admissions for psychiatric problems. But on the whole, the illness is already there.

Emergencies naturally make fodder for delusions and the emergency efforts, for mania. Obviously, there are direct mental health consequences – a small rise in post-traumatic stress disorder inevitably follows disaster. This correlates with the severity of the consequences of the disaster (loss of family, friends, animals and property).

And there’s usually a big rethink, with about a third of those affected leaving the area permanently. But, for the most part, this isn’t driven by mental health issues, it results from the very real fears about whether living in a fire (or other disaster) zone is worth it.

Resilience and weakness

In terms of mental health, the real effect of disasters is surprising. When handled well (as they have been in the recent efforts), disasters are an opportunity for communities and people who are directly involved to galvanise, and this appears to inoculate against mental illness by strengthening social bonds, and feeding a sense of purpose and meaning.

Another surprise is the flipside – an inexplicable rise in the mental illnesses that affect the elderly. Those who are frail and can’t get involved may feel they are ultimately only a burden. Such people suffer terribly from mental illness as a result of disasters. The big rise in mental health admissions after a bushfire happens in this group – its first presentations of dementia and senile degeneration is many times higher than with any other mental illness.

The complexity of social, environmental and psychological dynamics during an emergency cannot be underestimated. With normalcy going with the first evacuees, the strength of “all that is good” becomes the new foundation. As the National Strategy for Disaster Resilience points out, the power of the community (people you never met before come out of the woodwork to help), and the abiding dedication of the emergency services can be truly inspiring. And this is just the thing for building physical and mental resilience.

A useful way to understand this effect is through a theory called salutogenics. The theory rests on a relative sense of coherence that’s built by fostering three things – manageability, comprehensibility and meaning. Conversely, the sense of coherence is depleted by anything that rattles your ability to cope – not only a lack of resources required to manage; a lack of knowledge needed to comprehend circumstances, or a lack of meaning in life, but more general forces like the entropy of age and time.

A man walks through waist deep water to a small community cut off by flooded roads from the rest of Gulfport, Miss., after the arrival of Hurricane Katrina on Monday 29 August 2005.

While emergencies inevitably attack the ability to manage, they allow for meaning by providing clear answers to life’s big question – what are you here for? Getting involved in an emergency effort gives the answer – I’m not a parasite, I’m here to save people. I’m a contributor.

The formation of beliefs like these has been shown to assist in the widest gamut of health outcomes, not only in mental health. Recent research has also identified the effect of improved meaning and comprehensibility in conditions as diverse as heart disease and cancers. Surprising as it is, disasters can actually improve health if people find a way to get meaningfully involved in the disaster response effort.

Perceiving is believing

Reading this, you might think a bushfire is a wonderful thing. But there’s a big caveat – in emergencies, the perceptions of those involved are critical. Good interpersonal connections create meaning, but the lack of structure within emergency situations also provides opportunities for selfishness and even criminality. And these inevitably lend themselves to atrocious outcomes (consider Hurricane Katrina).

Good information improves comprehensibility, but in an emergency, information may be hard to come by and is frequently manipulated. What’s more, people might not have the heart to be honest when it matters most.

An under-promise allows low expectations to be exceeded, and this allows for a powerful message of hope and the belief that everything ultimately works out well. On the other hand, disappointment is easily taken as betrayal.

Disaster victims should be expected to make unreasonable demands. Victims may, for instance, extract promises that are difficult or impossible to keep. Who, after all, wants to deny someone who is desperate and might have his life in danger? Who wouldn’t prefer to lie and say, “don’t worry. Everything will be fine”?

But a hastily made guess that “someone will be there to help in a couple of hours” can start doing damage at 120 minutes and one second. The reason is because the promise suddenly becomes questionable, and at this point, comprehensibility collapses and meaning starts to erode. What could be more destructive mentally?

The ConversationThis article was originally published on The Conversation.

Read the original article.



Homestead visits key to mental health success in rural Queensland

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Tammy and Barry Hughes are using Georgetown’s in-home counselling service to help them cope with the breakdown of their succession plans. (ABC Rural)

Not everyone wants to see a doctor when they’re feeling down, let alone a psychologist.

But, it seems one service in north Queensland is finding a way help to rural families struggling through drought.

Cairns-based psychologist Crispian Jones travels to stations surrounding Georgetown and Croydon for one week every month, to offer free counselling to graziers at their kitchen tables and back verandas.

Mr Jones says sessions inside the home help grazing families keep their access to counselling services private, which is often difficult in rural communities.

“It preserves their confidentiality much more than it would if I was working from town, because in small towns people see what people are doing,” he said.

“People are more comfortable in their homes and they haven’t got, in some cases, a three or four hour drive to get to a clinic, and they’re not likely to do that.”

He says families in the bush are trying to cope with a number of stresses as the rural debt crisis and drought continue.

“I’m doing a fair bit of marriage counselling or couples counselling, I’m seeing depression, anxiety, a lot of frustration and a lot of failure too,” he said.

“For some of them where the banks are about to foreclose, and I’m aware of a couple of those, the sense of failure is resting really heavily, particularly on the males in the family, because he’s the one who might lose the farm after it having been in the family for generations.”

Georgetown grazier Tammy Hughes, says her situation was ‘one of distress’ when she asked Crispian to pay her a visit at North Head Station.

“Being a healthy person I probably would not go to the hospital for assistance or for help,” she explained.

Mrs Hughes and her husband Barry, chair of the Gulf Cattlemen’s Association, are more than halfway through a 10 year plan to hand North Head station to the next generation.

After battling bushfires and drought, the pair are now coming to terms with the prospect watching their children, and successors, leave the property to find work.

“My kids have grown up here and done distance [education] through to senior school, and to have to turn them away is quite massive,” she says, wiping away a tear.

“You’ve done succession planning because you’re getting to the age where your children will slowly progress into your role and then you can take that step backwards and let them in.

“That’s virtually been taken away from us.”

Mrs Hughes says she was cautious of Mr Jones when he made his first visit to North Head Station.

Now she’s urging others to make the most of his free service while they still can.

“It was so wonderful to have somebody outside your family and friends circle that you could talk to without having to hold back because you didn’t want to offend somebody or it was too emotional.”

The door-to-door counselling service has funding to continue until July 2015 through Far North Queensland Medicare Local…

Read more by Hailey Renault, ABC Rural 19 December 2014

We are all hoarders but for some it spirals out of control

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By Paul Salkovskis, University of Bath and Sinead Lambe, University of Bath

Hoarding looks weird and is often cruelly parodied on television, where shows suggest that the solution to a compulsive desire to keep stuff is simply a matter of heroically chucking it out. But for those of us studying and working with people who hoard, it’s clear that for most of them this isn’t enough – not even close. It’s a bit like trying to help someone with depression, for example, by asking them to simply smile and get better.

Hoarding isn’t just about keeping things. To successfully make a difference to the lives of hoarders its important to look at and deal with what underpins it. Some would have it that it’s the result of a wonky brain or faulty genes and, as with all mental health problems, it is very tempting to try to explain what appears to be inexplicable in this way. But these are not explanations – and it is not really so inexplicable.

Consider the way humans acquire things. Not only is accumulating more “stuff” than you need very common (think of collectors) but acquisition has come to be associated with high status, is much praised and can be very diverting. Consumerism is part of our culture; you are what is in your wardrobe. Imelda Marcos, the wife of former Philippines dictator Ferdinand Marcos, was defined more by her collection of more than 1,000 pairs of shoes than by any politics.

All of this is fine if you can discard stuff at about the same rate as you acquire. But what if you don’t – or can’t – discard anything? Not even down to the packaging and bits of plastic around the items you get. Or old newspapers that you keep intending to read, or even animals. And even when this gets so bad that it affects your life in some way, such as inhibiting free movement around your home? Something has clearly gone wrong, but what?

Not just about OCD

At the University of Bath we’ve been carrying out research based on the idea that hoarding is the end product of several different things (and we’re also looking out for volunteers with difficulties with hoarding or collecting). After all, hoarding is quite simply having so much stuff that you can’t use your living space for, well, living. Your bath is full of shoes, your cooker has piles of paper on and around it, your bedroom is six foot deep in boxes and bits which are in front of your wardrobe – which is in any case stacked solid with a mix of papers, broken gadgets and packaging. Even, sometimes, years-old food. It’s an overwhelming situation.

Some of this is down to good old-fashioned obsessive compulsive disorder, which is driven by a desire to avoid causing harm to others. Those with OCD who hoard often report having worries that their rubbish will contaminate or otherwise harm others, or that throwing away a possession connected to somebody will cause something bad to happen to that person.

For others the experience of having nothing or losing everything seems to be important. The most obvious example can be found in refugees, who can go from being affluent to having only the clothes they stand up in. Less obvious examples include some people who hoard vividly recall coming home from school to find all their toys had been sold or thrown away – an experience that clearly affected them deeply. Others have experienced a parent being made redundant which led to them losing their family home. For these people, holding on to possessions can provide insurance against future deprivation or loses.

Most people reading this article will have special precious possessions; your father’s watch, your mother’s pearls, your childrens’ first shoes. What if everything that came into your possession had similar meaning? You wouldn’t throw anything away of course. Why might things be invested with such meaning?

Sentimental value.
Kennymatic, CC BY

We’re investigating the possibility that some people learn, very early in their life, that things they receive from others are more reliable and consistent that the people they came from – and this transfers into their general life. At first it affects stuff linked to your much-loved but unpredictable parents, but later all things with connections to other people are given special significance which means that they can’t be thrown away. Things make you happy where people have not. It all ends up as hoarding things and people living what amounts to a deprived lifestyle surrounded by things which they regard as valuable – buried in treasures.

A malignant interaction

All these different factors – OCD, a fear of loss, emotional attachment – can also combine with hoarding in a particularly problematic way. We think that, in some cases, having more than one of these factors can actually amplify the problems, something we call a “malignant interaction”.

Although often concealed, the distress from hoarding is real and can harm those affected. Environmental health departments know about rot and vermin in hoarders’ houses, but harm goes way beyond this – and includes dying of hoarding. Fire brigades know all too well that hoarding not only causes fires but that these can be deadly.

What we know is that different motivations to hoard need different approaches, and that any attempt to help must begin with understanding and care. With this we intend to establish better help for someone who has become overwhelmed by their possessions – and to help that person find a way out of a situation in which they can quite literally be trapped by what they own.

The ConversationThis article was originally published on The Conversation.

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Announcing 16th International Mental Health Conference

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 SAVE THE DATE: 12 – 14 August 2015

15 International Mental Health Conference

The 16th International Mental Health Conference will be held at the QT Hotel, Surfers Paradise from Thursday 13 August to Friday 14 August 2015.  An optional half day of workshops will held on Wednesday, 12 August 2015.

You are invited to join us as we address the conference theme “Mental Health Future For All” across the broad spectrum of mental disorders including Anxiety, Depression, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders, Bipolar, Dementia and Suicide.

This conference will bring together leading clinical practitioners, academics, service providers and mental health experts to deliberate and discuss Mental Health issues confronting Australia and New Zealand.

The conference program will be designed to challenge, inspire, demonstrate and encourage participants while facilitating discussion. The program will include an extensive range of topics with keynotes, concurrent sessions, workshops and posters.

Topics will include:

  • Early intervention and treatment advances
  • Recovery oriented practice
  • e-Health, technology and social media
  • Suicide prevention and support
  • Child, youth and family mental health promotion and services
  • Demands for an aging population
  • Targeted services for vulnerable groups
  • Indigenous mental, social, emotional and environmental health
  • LGBTI mental health promotion and resilience
  • Workplace health and wellbeing
  • Mental health in the custodial and forensic setting
  • Consumer and carer participation and opportunities
  • Offering hope: stories from the front line and lived experience
  • Open topic

Important Dates:

  • Abstracts Open: December 2014
  • Abstracts Close: Friday, 10 April 2015
  • Notification to Authors: Friday, 24 April 2015
  • Author Acceptances: Friday, 8 May 2015
  • Draft Program Available: Monday, 11 May 2015
  • Full Papers for Peer Review: Monday, 6 July 2015

The conference is an initiative of the Australian and New Zealand Mental Health Association, non-government, not for profit organisation. Become a member of the Association for free to receive discounted event registration rates.

For more information on attending, presenting or sponsorship, please visit the conference website.

What about the mental health of kids with intellectual disability?

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By Richard Hastings, University of Warwick; Bruce Tonge, Monash University; Glenn Melvin, Monash University; Kylie Gray, Monash University, and Vaso Totsika, University of Warwick

High-quality epidemiological research shows children and adolescents with intellectual disability are four times more likely to have diagnosable mental health problems compared to others their age. This mental health inequality clearly needs attention.

Part of the problem is a process called diagnostic overshadowing: symptoms are incorrectly assumed to be related to the child’s disability rather than an underlying mental health issue. This often makes it difficult to identify mental health problems in children with intellectual disability.

After we account for the impact of diagnostic overshadowing through the use of specialised assessment tools, Australian research shows over 40% of children with intellectual disability have mental health problems that may be serious enough to lead to a psychiatric diagnosis.

The importance of early intervention

Birth cohort studies follow the development of groups of children that are representative of the population. Data from such studies in the United Kingdom and Australia show the inequality in mental health between children with intellectual disability and those without emerges early.

By the time children with intellectual disability are three years old, they have more mental health problems than other children. What’s more, the mental health problems in these children and adolescents persist over time.

A 2006 Australian study of over 400 children and adolescents with intellectual disability found only a small reduction in mental health problems over its 14-year follow-up. It seems that once mental health problems emerge, children with intellectual disability are likely to suffer from them for a long time.

But despite the high level of mental health problems in this group of children, access to treatment is poor. Recent UK research on over 600 children with intellectual disability who also have autism, for instance, showed less than a quarter of those with mental health problems had any contact with relevant services in the previous six months.

Similar results have been found in Australia. In the Australian study mentioned above, researchers found only 10% of their sample had received specialised mental health treatment from an expert in intellectual disability and mental health.

Clearly, effective early intervention for these children is needed. It could target factors shown to influence their mental health, including improving parent-child relationships, reducing family poverty and other deprivation, and increasing parental mental well-being.

A mainstream issue

A significant proportion (35% to 40%) of children with intellectual disability may have mental health problems. Put another way, 14% of all children with a mental health problem will also have an intellectual disability. This figure represents large numbers of children with significant needs: approximately 85,000 in England and 50,000 in Australia.

So this has to be accepted as a mainstream issue rather than a specialist area. These children represent a high-risk group whose needs have to be addressed by mental health services generally. There are a number of key issues.

Even where there are specialist child intellectual disability mental health services available, such as in many areas of the United Kingdom, practitioners have only a very small evidence base from which to draw.

There are few assessment tools to help clinicians identify mental health problems in these children, especially in those with more severe disability. The evidence base for treatment options is also very small.

Children with intellectual disability are often excluded from mainstream trials of mental health treatments, and specialised research focused only on them has been rare.

We need to invest in developing methods for identifying mental health problems in children with intellectual disability, and to test treatment approaches. And we need a greater understanding of the barriers to accessing mental health services faced by them and their families.

A combination of better evidence and improved access to treatment should help ensure that the mental health problems of children with intellectual disability are recognised and treated.

The ConversationRichard Hastings receives funding from Cerebra and several government health research funders in the UK. He is affiliated with the charities Mencap, Sibs, Cerebra, and Ambitious about Autism.

Bruce Tonge receives funding from Commonwealth research bodies( NHMRC, ARC) and Philanthropic research foundations eg. Pratt foundation, beyond blue, Dara foundation. He is a member of the Board of AMAZE (Autism Victoria) a not for profit peak body NGO.

Glenn Melvin receives funding from beyondblue, NH&MRC, Disability Donations Trust, & Endeavour Foundation.

Kylie Gray receives funding from federal funding bodies in Australia (NHMRC, ARC). She also receives funding from a range of philanthropic organisations e.g. the Disability Donations Trust, Endeavour Foundation, Mental Health Australia, Financial Markets Foundation, APEX, and SFARI and the NIH in the US.

Vaso Totsika receives funding from UK research councils and voluntary organizations.

This article was originally published on The Conversation.
Read the original article.

Teachers key to getting early help for children with mental health issues

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By Richard Slinger, Lancaster University

Mental health services for children and adolescents in the UK are beset by “serious and deeply ingrained problems”, according to a new report from the Health Select Committee. Referral rates are increasing year on year against a background of funding cuts and efficiency savings. This has resulted in severe difficulties around accessibility, waiting times and highly restrictive criteria for accepting referrals. Some 263 children sectioned under the Mental Health Act in 2012-13 were held in police cells, according to the report.

MPs have made a range of important recommendations, including to give teachers more and better training on child mental health.

Demand rising

The most recent general population figures from 2004 show that 10% of children and young people will experience a mental health issue in any given year. By contrast, more than three-quarters of the children in the same survey who identified difficulties received no input from specialist mental health services.

More recent research suggests that prevalence rates are rising. Yet as the MPs’ report highlights, new population research into the prevalence of child mental health difficulties in the UK is long overdue. We should not be basing our commissioning and models of service delivery on information that is ten years out of date.

While previous surveys have used a validated mental health screening tool (the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire), simply categorising mental health difficulties into broad groups such as anxiety, depression and behaviour problems may not show a true picture of the scale of the problem.

General screening tools need to be supplemented by other methods that look at contextual factors – the impact of poverty, racism, family breakdown or parental mental health – and look at a wider range of difficulties such as the prevalence of self-harm or eating disorders. Only this way will we get a more accurate picture of children within our society – and the mental health needs we should be addressing.

Investment across the board

Further investment is needed in order to make adequate provision for young people and their families experiencing mental health difficulties, whatever the severity or complexity of the problems. The report makes clear recommendations about increasing funding for specialist out-patient and in-patient mental health services. Yet, providing investment to increase services at the specialist level alone is unlikely to solve the current difficulties around demand and accessibility.

Investment is needed across the spectrum, particularly at an early intervention stage, to both identify and manage difficulties earlier and to reduce the load on specialist child mental health providers. “Upstream” investments that are aimed at preventing difficulties developing or worsening to a stage that require specialist intervention are likely to be most cost-efficient in the long term. Yet government policy has been mainly aimed at investing “downstream” when problems have already developed or become entrenched. The report highlights how many preventative services, especially in the voluntary sector, have been cut as a consequence of reduced local government funding.

Importance of schools

The committee highlights schools as key settings in which many of their recommendations can be implemented. Their findings support a body of research demonstrating that teachers often do not feel skilled or well-enough equipped to understand or manage children’s mental health difficulties.

Recent initiatives such as the MindEd E-learning portal aimed at providing mental health information are steps in the right direction. So too are the recommendations from MPs in the report around child mental health training for new teachers and continuing training for qualified teachers.

Give teachers support

Yet it is unclear whether increasing teachers’ knowledge about mental health issues alone would result in changes in practice in schools. Training alone does not address common structural and systemic barriers in schools around prioritising staff time to deliver support.

Further recommendations are needed around how training is delivered and implemented in schools. This could be by providing time for supervision or reflective discussion for staff, having nominated “champions” in schools as part of senior leadership teams and schools having direct access to appropriately qualified specialists for advice and consultation.

Teaching has long been recognised as one of the most stressful UK occupations, with burn-out and career change frequent consequences. Among the most common causes of teacher stress are children’s behaviour in school and feeling ill-equipped for the role. Further training around child mental health is needed to help school staff feel better skilled and prepared for the diverse range of issues that children bring with them into school.

The ConversationRichard Slinger does not work for, consult to, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has no relevant affiliations.

This article was originally published on The Conversation.
Read the original article.